- Australia’s economy will be poorly equipped for future challenges if stereotypes about the kinds of work women and men ‘should’ do persist, according to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA).
- Occupational gender segregation has remained persistent over the last 20 years.
- Traditionally female-dominated industries (Health Care and Social Assistance and Education and Training) have seen the proportion of women increase further.
- Some male-dominated industries (Construction and Wholesale Trade) recorded a decline in female representation, while others (including Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services and Transport, Postal and Warehousing) recorded growth.
- Although men dominate in leadership roles across all industries, women are substantially more likely to hold CEO or key management personnel roles in female-dominated industries than male-dominated industries.
- Average remuneration in female-dominated organisations is lower than in male-dominated organisations. However female managers working in male-dominated organisations are more likely to earn salaries closer to their male colleagues.
- Performance pay and other additional remuneration plays a greater role in male-dominated industries, leading to higher gender pay gaps for total remuneration.
- There has been a substantial increase in the proportion of female managers in what remains a male- dominated occupation (up from 30.1% to 37.1%).
- On an occupational level, male-dominated workplaces have smaller proportions of part-time employees while full-time employees tend to work longer hours – attributes that may deter people with family and caring responsibilities.
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